
2Grade 2 Standards
Top Mathematicians

Patterns, Functions and Algebra

2.PFA.2.1.1
Copy, extend and describe simple number sequences to at least 200.


2.220


2.PFA.2.1.1
Create and describe own patterns.


2.PFA.2.2.1
Copy, extend and describe in words simple patterns made with physical objects, and complex patterns made with drawings of lines, shapes or objects.


2.805


2.PFA.2.2.2
Create and describe own patterns with physical objects and by drawing lines, shapes or objects.


2.PFA.2.2.3
Identify, describe in words and copy geometric patterns in nature, from modern everyday life, and from our cultural heritage.


2.PFA.2.1.1

Numbers, Operations and Relationships

2.NOR.1.1.1
Estimate and count to at least 200 everyday objects reliably. Counting by grouping is encouraged.


2.120

2.220

2.315


2.NOR.1.1.1c
Count forwards and backwards in 5s from any multiple of 5 between 0 and 200.


2.NOR.1.1.1d
Count forwards and backwards in 2s from any multiple of 5 between 0 and 200.


2.NOR.1.1.1e
Count forwards and backwards in 3s from any multiple of 5 between 0 and 200.


2.NOR.1.1.1f
Count forwards and backwards in 4s from any multiple of 5 between 0 and 200.


2.NOR.1.1.2a
Count forwards and backwards in 1s from any number between 0 and 200.


2.NOR.1.1.2b
Count forwards and backwards in 10s from any multiple of 10 between 0 and 200.

2.NOR.1.10.1
Solve and explain solutions to practical problems that involve equal sharing leading to solutions that include unitary fractions.


2.2920


2.NOR.1.11.1
Recognise and identify the South African coins (5c, 10c, 20c, 50c, R1, R2, R5) and bank notes R10, R20, R50


2.NOR.1.11.2
Solve money problems involving totals and change to R99 and in cents up to 90c


2.305

2.315

2.325

2.3315

2.3415


2.NOR.1.12.1
Use the following techniques when performing calculations:
• drawings or concrete apparatus e.g. counters
• building up and breaking down numbers
• doubling and halving
• number lines 

2.3515

2.365

2.375

2.3810

2.395

2.4010

2.4115

2.4220

2.4315

2.4410

2.4515

2.4615

2.4715

2.4820

2.4910

2.5015

2.5120

2.5215

2.5310

2.5420

2.5510

2.5620

2.5710

2.5810

2.595

2.1420

2.1515

2.1610

2.1720

2.1815


2.NOR.1.13.1
Add to 99


2.4515

2.4615

2.4715

2.4820

2.6015

2.6150

2.6220

2.6320


2.NOR.1.13.2
Subtract from 99


2.4910

2.5015

2.5120

2.5215

2.6415

2.6515

2.6620


2.NOR.1.13.3
Use appropriate symbols (+, , =, __)

2.NOR.1.13.4
Practice number bonds to 20


2.NOR.1.14.1
Multiply numbers 1 to 10 by 2, 5, 3, and 4 to a total of 50


2.6915


2.NOR.1.14.2
Use appropriate symbols (+, x, =, __)

2.NOR.1.16.1a
Order a given set of selected numbers up to 99.

2.NOR.1.16.1b
Compare numbers up to 99 and say which is 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 10 more or less.


2.NOR.1.16.2a
Rapidly recall:
• Addition and subtraction facts to 20
• Add or subtract multiples of 10 from 0 to 100 

2.5620

2.5710

2.6015

2.6320

2.6415

2.6620

2.715

2.2720


2.NOR.1.16.2b
Rapidly recall:
• Add or subtract multiples of 10 from 0 to 100 

2.NOR.1.16.3a
Calculation strategies
• Use calculation strategies to add and subtract efficiently:
 Put the larger number first in order to count on or count back
 Number line
 Doubling and halving
 Building up and breaking down
 Use the relationship between addition and subtraction. 

2.395

2.4010

2.4220

2.4315

2.4410

2.4515

2.4615

2.4715

2.4820

2.4910

2.5015

2.5120

2.5215

2.5310

2.5420

2.5510

2.5620

2.5710

2.5810

2.595

2.6015

2.6415

2.6515

2.7210

2.7320

2.7420

2.7515

2.7615

2.1420

2.1515

2.1610

2.1720

2.1815


2.NOR.1.17.1
Use and name unitary fractions in familiar contexts including halves, quarters, thirds and fifths


2.NOR.1.17.2
Recognise fractions in diagrammatic form


2.775

2.785

2.795


2.NOR.1.17.3
Write fractions as 1 half


2.NOR.1.3.1a
Recognise, identify and read number symbols 0 to 200.

2.NOR.1.3.1b
Write number symbols 0 to 200.


2.NOR.1.3.1c
Recognise, identify and read number names 0 to 100.


2.NOR.1.3.1d
Write number names 0 to 100.


2.NOR.1.4.1a
describe and compare whole numbers up to 99 using smaller than, greater than, more than, less than and equal to.


2.820

2.920

2.1010

2.1120

2.1215


2.NOR.1.4.1b
Describe and order whole numbers up to 99 from smallest to greatest, and greatest to smallest.


2.NOR.1.4.2
Use ordinal numbers to show order, place or position
• Position objects in a line from first to twentieth or first to last e.g. first, second, third... twentieth 

2.NOR.1.5.1a
Decompose twodigit numbers up to 99 into multiples of 10 and ones units.


2.1420

2.1515

2.1610

2.1720

2.1815


2.NOR.1.5.1b
Identify and state the value of each digit up to 99.


2.NOR.1.6.1
Use the following techniques when solving problems and explain solutions to problems:
• drawings or concrete apparatus e.g. counters
• building up and breaking down of numbers
• doubling and halving
• number lines 

2.NOR.1.7.1
Solve word problems in context and explain own solution to problems involving addition and subtraction with answers up to 99.


2.1920

2.2020

2.2120

2.2215

2.2310

2.2415

2.2515

2.2610

2.2720


2.NOR.1.8.1
Solve word problems in context and explain own solution to problems using repeated addition and multiplication with answers up to 50.

2.NOR.1.9.1
Solves and explain solutions to practical problems that involve equal sharing and grouping up to 50 with answers that may include remainders.


2.NOR.1.1.1

Space and Shape (Geometry)

2.G.3.3.1.a
Language of position
• Describe the position of one object in relation to another e.g. on top of, in front of, behind, left, right, up, down, next to. 

2.815

2.825

2.835


2.G.3.3.1.b
Position and views
• Recognise and match different views of the same everyday object. 

2.G.3.3.1.c
Position and directions
• Follow directions to move around the classroom 

2.G.3.3.2.a
Range of objects
• Recognise and name 3D objects in the classroom and in pictures
 ball shapes (spheres)
 box shapes (prisms)
 cylinders 

2.845


2.G.3.3.2.b
Features of objects
• Describe, sort and compare 3D objects in terms of:
 size
 objects that roll
 objects that slide 

2.855

2.865

2.875

2.885

2.895


2.G.3.3.2.c
Focused activities
• Observe and build given 3D objects using concrete materials such as cutout 2D shapes, building blocks, recycling material, construction kits, other 3D geometric objects 

2.G.3.3.3.a
Range of shapes
• Recognise and name 2D shapes
 circles
 triangles
 squares
 rectangles 

2.905

2.915


2.G.3.3.3.b
Features of shapes
• Describe, sort and compare 2D shapes in terms of:
 size
 shape
 straight sides
 round sides 

2.925

2.935

2.945


2.G.3.3.4.a
Symmetry
• Recognise and draw line of symmetry in 2D geometrical and nongeometrical shapes 

2.955


2.G.3.3.1.a

Measurement

2.MT.4.1.a
Telling the time
• Name and sequence days of week and months of year
• Place birthdays, religious festivals, public holidays, historical events, school events on a calendar
• Tell 12hour time in hours, half hours and quarter hours 

2.9610

2.9710

2.985

2.9910

2.1005


2.MT.4.1.b
Calculate length of time and passing of time
• Use calendars to calculate and describe lengths of time in:
 days,
 weeks
• Use clocks to calculate length of time in:
 hours
 half hours 

2.MT.4.2.a
Informal measuring
• Estimate, measure, compare, order and record length using nonstandard measures e.g. hand spans, paces, pencil lengths, counters
• Describe the length of objects by counting and stating the length in informal units 

2.MT.4.2.b
Introducing formal measuring
• Estimate, measure, compare order and record length using metres (either metre sticks or metre lengths of string) as the standard unit of length 

2.MT.4.3.a
Informal measuring
• Estimate, measure, compare, order and record mass using a balancing scale and nonstandard measures e.g. blocks, bricks.
• Describe the mass of objects by counting and stating the mass in informal units
• Use language to talk about comparison e.g. light, heavy, lighter, heavier 

2.875


2.MT.4.3.b
Introducing formal measuring
• Compare, order and record the mass of commercially packaged objects which have their mass stated only in kilograms e.g. 2 kilograms of rice and 1 kilogram of flour
• Measure own mass in kilograms using a bathroom scale 

2.MT.4.4.a
Informal measuring
• Estimate, measure, compare, order and record the capacity of containers (i.e. the amount the container can hold if filled) by using nonstandard measures e.g. spoons and cups
• Describe the capacity of the container by counting and stating how many of the informal units it takes to fill the container e.g. the bottle has the capacity of four cups 

2.885


2.MT.4.4.b
Introducing formal measuring
• Estimate, measure, compare, order and record the capacity of objects by measuring in litres
• Compare, order and record the capacity of commercially packaged objects whose capacity is stated in litres e.g. 2 litres of milk, 1 litre of cool drink, 5 litres of paint 

2.MT.4.1.a

Data Handling

2.DH.5.1
Collect and sort objects


2.DH.5.2
Represent sorted collection of objects


2.DH.5.3
Discuss and report on sorted collection of objects


2.DH.5.4
Collect and organise data
• Collect data about the class or school to answer questions posed by the teacher 

2.DH.5.5
Represent data
• Represent data in pictograph
• Limited to pictographs with onetoone correspondence 

2.1015


2.DH.5.6
Analyse and interpret data
• Answer questions about data in pictograph
 limited to pictographs with onetoone correspondence

2.DH.5.1